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National Department of Agriculture
ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute

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How to estimate the age of cattle

You can estimate the age of cattle by looking at the teeth. Old animals with worn teeth cannot eat well and will lose condition.

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How to check the teeth


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Baby teeth (milk teeth):
under 2 years of age

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2 tooth: 2 to2 years

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4 tooth: 2 to3 years

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6 tooth: 3_3 years

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Full mouth: 4 years

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Worn: over 4 years

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For further information contact
Animal Health for Developing Farmers Programme
Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute
Private Bag X05

Compiled by Jenny Turton


Compiled by Directorate Communication, National Department of Agriculture
in cooperation with
ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute

Printed and published by National Department of Agriculture
and obtainable from
Resource Centre, Directorate Communication, Private Bag X144, Pretoria 0001, South Africa

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