close this bookEthnoveterinary Medicine in Asia - Ruminants (IIRR, 1994, 143 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentCollaborating organizations
View the documentParticipants and workshop staff
View the documentHow to use this manual
View the documentLack of appetite
View the documentFever
View the documentCoughs and colds
View the documentDiarrhea
View the documentDehydration
View the documentBloat
View the documentConstipation
View the documentPoisoning
View the documentInternal parasites: Stomach and gut worms
View the documentLiverflukes
View the documentTick infestation
View the documentScabies (mange)
View the documentLice
View the documentFungus infections of the skin
View the documentInfectious diseases
View the documentFoot rot
View the documentEye diseases
View the documentWounds
View the documentBleeding
View the documentSnake bite
View the documentSprains
View the documentDifficulty in urinating
View the documentHousing
View the documentFeeding
View the documentMineral deficiency
View the documentBreeding
View the documentPregnancy and birthing
View the documentCare of mother animals after birthing
View the documentCare of newborn
View the documentUdder infection
View the documentDecreased milk flow

Internal parasites: Stomach and gut worms

Symptoms

· Animal is thin and looks weak.
· Lack of appetite.
· Anemia. The first symptom is a pale color of the skin, snout, nostrils and gums. The flesh is pale.
· Diarrhea.
· Enlarged abdomen.

Cause

Various types of parasites living in the stomach and gut.

· Stomach worm (Mecistocirrus digitatus). Barber's pole worm or wire worm (Haemonchus contortus).

· Tapeworm (Taenia multiceps).

· Whipworm (Trichuris ovis).

· Hookworm (Bunostonum spp.).

· Roundworm (Ascaris lumbricoides, Strongylus spp.)


Life cycle of roundworms in cattle, water buffalo and goats

Young and malnourished animals of both sexes are most susceptible to parasites. The problem is especially common in the rainy season. The animals may become dehydrated and die.

The parasites are transmitted when an animal eats grasses or drinks water contaminated with larvae. Less commonly, they can be spread from the mother to its offspring,.

Prevention

· Deworm the animal regularly. Use the herbal dewormers listed in the table. These dosages are for cattle and buffaloes. Use half these amounts for calves, sheep and goats.

· Rotate pasture. Do not use always the same pasture area to graze the animals. Rotation will help the grasses to rejuvenate and will protect the animals from infected grasses.

· Keep the animals and the surroundings clean.


Prevention

Treatment for internal parasites

Scientific

Common Name

Parts Used

Preparation

Dosage

Application

Areca catechu

Betel nut

Mature, air-dried nuts

Pound nuts and mix in water.

8-10 nuts

Drench. Repeat after 2-3 weeks. (Indonesia, Laos. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

Aristolochia bracteata

Worm killer

Fresh leaves

Grind 2 handfuls of leaves and mix with 50 g of brown sugar and a little water and make a bolus.

This is enough for 1 dose. Make a fresh batch for each of the following day.

Administer once in the morning, again in the evening and repeat in the morning(India, Philippines. 1 , 2, 5)

Carica papaya

Papaya

Air-dried ripe seeds

Pound seeds and add a little water.

3 g seeds per 1 kg body weight(or ½ kg seeds per small animal and 1 kg seeds per adult animal)

Drench once a day for 6 days. (Indonesia, Philippines. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

Note: Do not use this treatment for pregnant animals.

Chrysophyllum cainito

Star apple

Air-dried leaves

Decoction of 2 parts of water for 1 part leaves.

40 ml of liquid Drench. for every 30 kg of body weight.

Repeat after 2-3 weeks. (China, Philippines. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

Diospyros mollis

Ebony

Fruit

-- Pound 600 9 ripe fruit with 80 9 salt and 700-800 ml water. Filter the pounded mixture to get the liquid.
-- Here is another way to prepare it: Pound 300 g ripe fruit and extract the juice. Mix the juice with 250 ml water and 3 tablespoons epsom salt

Give as drench.

250 ml of the solution to be given once only. Need not be repeated. (Thailand. 1, 2, 3, 4)

Note: Do not use this treatment for pregnant animals and those with kidney disease.

Mimosa pudica

Sensitive plant

Air-dried mature leaves

Decoction of 2 parts water for 1 part of leaves. Strain to get the vine.

40 ml of liquid for every 30 kg body weight.

Drench. Repeat after 2-3 weeks. (China, Philippines. 1,2, 3, 4, 5)

Morinda citrifolia

Indian mulberry

Whole mature fruit

Pound 1 mature fruit. Add 50 ml water and a little salt while pounding.

1 fruit and water.

Drench once a week for 3 weeks. (India, Philippines. 1)

Punica granatum

Pomegranate

Fruit

Pound 300 g ripe fruit and add 2 liters of water. Boil the mixture until the liquid is 700 ml. Collect the liquid and allow it to cool.

Give as drench.

700 ml for a mature buffalo and cattle. To be given once only. Need not be repeated. (Thailand. 1, 2, 3, 4)

Note: Do not USE this treatment for pregnant animals.

Tamarindus indica

Tamarind

Ripe fruit pulp

Pound 300 g pulp of tamarind and 150 g rhizome of ginger. Mix a pinch of salt to the mixture.

Through the mouth.

Give the whole treatment in one application. Need not be repeated. (Thailand. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

Zingiber cassumunar

Ginger

Rhizome




Tinospora rumphii


Mature vine

Decoction of 2 parts of water for 1 part vine.

40 ml of liquid of for every 30 kg of body

Drench. Repeat after 2-3 weeks. (China, Philippines. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

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