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FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS, Rome

CONSTRAINTS ANALYSIS OF THE POST-PRODUCTION SECTOR IN ZAMBIA

Project: PFL/ZAM/003/PFL, Final Report, R. A. Boxall (Editor)
September 1997

Table of Contents

Copyright

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Table of Contents

Preface

Acknowledgements

Abbreviations

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1. BACKGROUND

2. PROJECT OBJECTIVES AND METHODOLOGY

2.1 Objectives
2.2 The Analytical Framework
2.3 Methodology

3. NATIONAL POLICIES AND STRATEGIES IN THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR

4. MAIZE PRODUCTION

5. THE POST-PRODUCTION SYSTEM FOR MAIZE

5.1 Harvesting
5.2 Drying
5.3 Shelling
5.4 Cleaning/Winnowing
5.5 Storage

5.5.1 Maize varieties
5.5.2 Methods of storage for home consumption
5.5.3 The attitude of producers to the liberalised market
5.5.4 Coping strategies for holding maize surpluses at the farm-level
5.5.5 The appropriateness of improved storage structures
5.5.6 The Larger Grain Borer
5.5.7 Communal storage

5.6 Maize Marketing
5.7 Maize Processing

5.7.1 Household level
5.7.2 Village level and peri-urban processing

6. THE POST-PRODUCTION SYSTEM FOR CASSAVA

6.1 Harvesting
6.2 Soaking
6.3 Peeling
6.4 Drying

6.4.1 Wood-fired drier

6.5 Storage
6.6 Processing

6.6.1 Pounding And Milling
6.6.2 Chipping And Grating Machines

7. POST-HARVEST EXTENSION AND ADVICE ON MARKETING

7.1 Extension

7.1.1 Gender Issues in Extension

7.2 Market Information

8. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

8.1 The Analytical Framework
8.2 Government Policy

8.2.1 Maize Marketing
8.2.2 Post-harvest Extension and Research

8.3 The Post-production System for Maize

8.3.1 Harvesting and Drying
8.3.2 Shelling
8.3.3 Storage and Marketing
8.3.4 Improved Structures for On-farm Storage
8.3.5 The Larger Grain Borer
8.3.6 Storage Insecticides
8.3.7 Communal storage

8.4 The Post-Production System for Cassava

8.4.1 Peeling
8.4.2. Drying
8.4.3. Processing
8.5 Hammermill Enterprises

Annexes

1. Comments on the analytical framework
2. Changes in the total area under cultivation and production levels for selected crops
3. Economic analysis of a sunflower enterprise compared to maize in Kalomo District