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../GIF/R0061S.JPG (12840 BYTES)Guia practica
Como Manejar Abejas Africanizadas


Contenido




By:
Robert Bailey

Douglas Anderson

Illustrated by: Douglas Anderson

PEACE CORPS
Information Collection and Exchange
November 1986

INFORMATION COLLECTION & EXCHANGE

Peace Corps' Information Collection & Exchange (ICE) was established so that the strategies and technologies developed by Peace Corps Volunteers, their co-workers, and their counterparts could be made available to the wide range of development organizations and individual workers who might find them useful. Training guides, curricula, lesson plans, project reports, manuals and other Peace Corps-generated materials developed in the field are collected and reviewed. Some are reprinted "as is"; others provide a source of field based information for the production of manuals or for research in particular program areas. Materials that you submit to the Information Collection & Exchange thus become part of the Peace Corps' larger contribution to development.

Information about ICE publications and services is available through:

Peace Corps
Information Collection & Exchange
1111 - 20th Street, NW
Washington, DC 20526
USA

Website: http://www.peacecorps.gov
Telephone : 1-202-692-2640
Fax : 1-202- 692-2641

Add your experience to the ICE Resource Center. Send materials that you've prepared so that we can share them with others working in the development field. Your technical insights serve as the basis for the generation of ICE manuals, reprints and resource packets, and also ensure that ICE is providing the most updated, innovative problem-solving techniques and information available to you and your fellow development workers.

This manual may be reproduced and/or translated in part or in full without payment or royalty. Please give standard acknowledgment.


Contenido


Prologo

Introducción

Historia de las Abejas Africanizadas

Diferencias entre Abeja Africanizada y Europea

Ubicación de Apiarios

Sitios para los apiarios

Formas de Apiarios

Apiario modelo

Equipo Protector

Uso de Humo

Manejo de su Colmena

Manejo durante la época seca (chorro de néctar)
Revisión básica

Enjambres

Captura de enjambres
Uso de trampas
Introducción del enjambre a la colmena

Producción de Colmenas

División de colmenas

Destrucción de Colmenas

Pre-Cosecha

Uso del Escape

Cosecha

Epoca Lluviosa (Escasez de Néctar)

Abandono

Alimentación Durante la Epoca Lluviosa

Pillaje

Plagas y Enfermedades

Plagas que atacan a las abejas
Polilla
Como evitar problemas con polilla

Loque Americana

Síntomas de loque americana
Como controlar la loque americana

Loque Europea

Señales de loque europea
Control

Cría Calcificada o Cría de Yeso

Señales de cría calcificada
Como controlar la cría calcificada

Gráfica de enfermedades y síntomas

Obrera Ponedora

Cómo Controlar Enfermedades en General

Tipos de Colmenas Apropiadas para Abeja Africanizada

Colmena marimba (Kenya)
Por qué cambiar de colmena rústica a marimba
Como construir una colmena marimba

Peligro de Ataque

Shock Anafiláctico de Picadura de Abejas

Relaciones con la Comunidad

APENDICE A: Procesamiento de cera

Método 1: en agua
Método 2: Derretidor solar de cera

APENDICE B: Usos de la Cera

Cera para muebles de Madera
Unguento para quemaduras

Cera facial

Tratamiento para pezuñas rajadas

APENDICE C: Polen

Usos del polen
Contenido
Trampa de polen
Uso de trampas de polen

APENDICE D: Ciclo de las Abejas y las Flores

Bibliografía