Home-immediately access 800+ free online publications. Download CD3WD (680 Megabytes) and distribute it to the 3rd World. CD3WD is a 3rd World Development private-sector initiative, mastered by Software Developer Alex Weir and hosted by GNUveau_Networks (From globally distributed organizations, to supercomputers, to a small home server, if it's Linux, we know it.)ar.cn.de.en.es.fr.id.it.ph.po.ru.sw

PREVIOUS PAGE TABLE OF CONTENTS NEXT PAGE


Bibliography

Abban, C. and Quarshie, J. 1996 "Integrated skills training for self-employment: the case of Ghana". In Grierson, J. and McKenzie, I. (eds.) Training for Self-employment through Vocational Training Institutions. ILO, Geneva.

Adam, S. 1996 Competence Utilisation and Transfer in Informal Sector Production and Service Trades in Ibadan, Nigeria. Lit Verlag, Hamburg.

Adam, S. 1999 "Competences and other factors affecting the small enterprise sector in Ibadan, Nigeria". In King, K. and McGrath, S. (eds.) Enterprise in Africa: between Poverty and Growth. Intermediate Technology Publications, London.

Adelzadeh, A. and Padayachee, V. 1995 "The RDP White Paper: reconstruction of a development vision?". Downloaded from http://www.und.ac.za/und/trans/current.html on 9/6/99.

Afenyadu, D. 1997a "Globalising Ghana: education, training and small enterprise development". Papers in Education, Training and Enterprise No. 7, Centre of African Studies, University of Edinburgh.

Afenyadu, D. 1997b "Ghanaian policy responses to international pressures". Papers in Education, Training and Enterprise No. 10, Centre of African Studies, University of Edinburgh.

Afenyadu, D. 1998a "Changes in practice and students' aspirations in the era of globalisation". Papers in Education, Training and Enterprise No. 16, Centre of African Studies, University of Edinburgh.

Afenyadu, D. 1998b "The formation of small scale entrepreneurs". Papers in Education, Training and Enterprise No. 21, Centre of African Studies, University of Edinburgh.

Afenyadu, D. 1999 "Learning to compete: Ghana synthesis". Papers in Education, Training and Enterprise No. 22, Centre of African Studies, University of Edinburgh.

Amsden, A. 1989 Asia's next Giant. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Atchoarena, D. and Caillods, F. 1999 "Technical education: a dead end or adapting to change?". Prospects 29/1.

Barnett, R. 1994 The Limits of Competence. Open University Press, Milton Keynes.

Barr, A. 1999 "Do SMEs network for growth?". In King, K. and McGrath, S. (eds.) Enterprise in Africa: between Poverty and Growth. Intermediate Technology Publications, London.

Bennell, P. 1998 "Skills, training and economic reform: creating demand-driven training systems in Africa". Summary report of Department for International Development, Education Division project, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex.

Bennell, P. 1999 "Learning to change: skills development among the economically vulnerable and socially excluded in developing countries". Employment and Training Papers 43, International Labour Office, Geneva.

Bennell, P. et al 1999 Vocational Education and Training in Tanzania and Zimbabwe in the Context of Economic Reform. Education Research Report 28, Department for International Development, London.

Birks, S. et al. 1994 "Skills acquisition in micro-enterprises: evidence from West Africa". Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris.

Brazier, C. 1999 "Gender canyon". New Internationalist 315.

Buckley, G. 1997 "Microfinance in Africa: is it either the problem or the solution?" World Development 25/7.

Carney, D. 1998 "Implementing the sustainable rural livelihoods approach". In Carney, D. (ed.) Sustainable Rural Livelihoods. Department for International Development, London.

Carton, M. 1999 "Lessons from apprenticeship training in Mali". Paper presented to the final "Learning to Compete" workshop, Nairobi, June.

Castells, M. 1996 The Rise of the Network Society. Blackwell, Oxford.

de Moura Castro, C. and de Oliveira, J.B. 1994 "Convergence between training and education". In International Encyclopaedia of Education. Second Edition. Pergamon, Oxford.

Centre for the Study of African Economies/Department of Economics, University of Ghana, Legon 1992 "Economic reform and the manufacturing sector in Ghana". RPED Country Background Papers, World Bank, Washington DC.

Charmes, J. 1999 "A follow up survey of microenterprise in West Africa". In King, K. and McGrath, S. (eds.) Enterprise in Africa: between Poverty and Growth. Intermediate Technology Publications, London.

Daniels, L., Mead, D.C. and Musinga, M. 1995 "Employment and income in micro and small enterprises in Kenya". Gemini Technical Paper 92, Bethesda, MD.

Department for International Development 1997, Eliminating World Poverty: A Challenge for the 21st Century, DFID, London.

Department for International Development 1999 Learning opportunities for all DFID 1997. Department for International Development, London.

Department of Economics, University of Goteborg/Department of Economics, University of Nairobi 1996 "Report on phase 3 of Kenya survey". RPED Country Series, World Bank, Washington DC.

Department of Education (South Africa) 1997a Curriculum 2005. Department of Education, Pretoria.

Department of Education (South Africa) 1997b Curriculum 2005: discussion document. Department of Education, Pretoria.

Department of Education (South Africa) 1997c Report of the National Committee on Further Education. Department of Education, Pretoria.

Department of Education (South Africa) 1997d "School register of needs survey". Department of Education, Pretoria.

Department of Education (South Africa) 1998 Green Paper on Further Education and Training. Department of Education, Pretoria.

Department of Education (South Africa) 1999 "National strategy for further education and training, 1999-2001". Department of Education, Pretoria.

Department of Labour (South Africa) 1997 Green Paper on a Skills Development Strategy for Economic and Employment Growth in South Africa. Department of Labour, Pretoria.

Department of Labour (South Africa)/German Technical Cooperation 1999 "A framework for establishing learnerships and the quality assurance functions of sector education and training authorities". Department of Labour, Pretoria.

Mørck von der Fehr, N.-H. 1995 "The African entrepreneur: evidence on entrepreneurial activity and firm formation in Zambia". RPED paper 45, World Bank, Washington DC.

Ferej, A. 1996 "The use of traditional apprenticeships in training for self-employment by vocational training institutions (VTIs) in Kenya". In Grierson, J. and McKenzie, I. (eds.) Training for Self-employment through Vocational Training Institutions. ILO, Geneva.

Fisher, G., Hall, G. and Jaff, R. 1998 Knowledge and Skills for the Smart Province. National Business Initiative, Johannesburg.

Fluitman, F. (ed.) 1989 Training for Work in the Informal Sector. ILO, Geneva.

Fluitman, F. 1992 "Traditional apprenticeship in West Africa: recent evidence and policy options". Discussion Paper No 34, Training Policies Branch, ILO, Geneva.

Fluitman, F. 1994 "Africa: traditional apprenticeship". In International Encyclopaedia of Education. Second Edition. Pergamon, Oxford.

Grierson, J. and McKenzie, I. 1996 "A framework for considering vocational training for self-employment". In Grierson, J. and McKenzie, I. (eds.) Training for Self-employment through Vocational Training Institutions. ILO, Geneva.

Grierson, J. and Mead, D. 1999 "Spreading the benefits: business linkages in Africa". Development and Cooperation 4/1999.

Haan, H. 1999 "The role & potential of MSE associations in Africa". In King, K. and McGrath, S. (eds.) Enterprise in Africa: between Poverty and Growth. Intermediate Technology Publications, London.

Hodkinson, P. and Issitt, M. (eds.) 1995 The Challenge of Competence. Cassell, London.

Honny, L. 1999 "Reshaping vocational training: hopeful signs from a Ghanaian experience". In King, K. and McGrath, S. (eds.) Enterprise in Africa: between Poverty and Growth. Intermediate Technology Publications, London.

International Centre for Economic Growth 1999 "A renewed policy and strategy framework for micro and small enterprise development in Kenya, (final draft)". International Center for Economic Growth, Nairobi.

International Labour Office 1998 World Employment Report 1998. International Labour Office, Geneva.

Jamison, D.T. and Lau, L.J. 1982 Farmer education and farm efficiency. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.

Jeans, A. 1999 "Technology, NGOs and small enterprise: securing livelihoods through technical change". In King, K. and McGrath, S. (eds.) Enterprise in Africa: between Poverty and Growth. Intermediate Technology Publications, London.

Keep, E. and Mayhew, K. 1998 "Was Ratner right? Product market and competitive strategies and their links with skills and knowledge". SKOPE, University of Warwick/University of Oxford.

Kerre, B.W. and Oketch, H. 1999 "The influence of schooling on career plans and ambitions among graduates of the Kenyan school system". Papers in Education, Training and Enterprise No. 19, Centre of African Studies, University of Edinburgh.

Kibera, L. 1993 Career Aspirations and Expectations of Secondary School Students of the 8-4-4- System of Education in Kiambu, Kajiado and Machakos Districts, Kenya. Unpublished PhD thesis, Kenyatta University.

Killick, T. 1999 "Have Africa's economies turned the corner?". In King, K. and McGrath, S. (eds.) Enterprise in Africa: between Poverty and Growth. Intermediate Technology Publications, London.

King, K 1977 The African Artisan. Heinemann, London.

King, K 1996 Jua Kali Kenya: change and development in an informal economy 1970-1995. James Currey, London.

King, K. 1997 "Policy coherence in education, training and enterprise development in South Africa: the implementation challenge of new policies". Papers in Education, Training and Enterprise No. 4, Centre of African Studies, University of Edinburgh.

King, K. 1999 "Research and policy issues in Kenya's small scale and jua kali enterprises (SSJKE)". Papers in Education, Training and Enterprise No. 6, Centre of African Studies, University of Edinburgh.

King, K. 2000 "Africa's Informal Economies 30 years on". Papers in Education, Training and Enterprise No.

King, K. and McGrath, S. 1998 "Rethinking small enterprise development: between poverty and growth". Papers in Education, Training and Enterprise No. 13, Centre of African Studies, University of Edinburgh.

King, K. and McGrath, S. (eds.) 1999 Enterprise in Africa: between Poverty and Growth. Intermediate Technology Publications, London.

King, K and Martin, C. 2000 "The vocational school fallacy revisited: education, aspiration and work in Ghana, 1959-1999". Papers in Education, Training and Enterprise No. 28 and Occasional Paper, Centre of African Studies, University of Edinburgh.

Kraak, A. 1997 "Formulating alternatives to neo-liberal conceptions of industrial training: a 'macro institutional' assessment of the ANC government's 1997 Skills Development Strategy". School of Government, University of the Western Cape.

Lall, S. 1987 Learning to Industrialise. Macmillan, London.

Lehoko, K. 1997 "A national framework for further education and training". Paper presented at the National Access Consortium, Western Cape Conference, Cape Town, September.

McCormick, D. 1999 "Enterprise clusters in Africa: linkages for growth and development". In King, K. and McGrath, S. (eds.) Enterprise in Africa: between Poverty and Growth. Intermediate Technology Publications, London.

McGrath, S. 1996 Learning to Work? Changing Discourses on South African Education and Training, 1977-1996. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Edinburgh.

McGrath, S. 1997a "From policy to practice: education, training and self-employment in Kenya". Papers in Education, Training and Enterprise No. 5, Centre of African Studies, University of Edinburgh.

McGrath, S. 1997b "From national project to sectoral policies: examining Ghana's 2020 vision". Papers in Education, Training and Enterprise No. 9, Centre of African Studies, University of Edinburgh.

McGrath, S. 1998a "Further education and training in South Africa: the acid test for the integrated approach". Papers in Education, Training and Enterprise No. 14, Centre of African Studies, University of Edinburgh.

McGrath, S. 1998b "No easy walk to industrialisation: reflections on reforms of Kenyan education and training". Papers in Education, Training and Enterprise No. 18, Centre of African Studies, University of Edinburgh.

McGrath, S. 1998c "National policies and institutional practices: the credibility gap in South African education and training reform." Journal of Vocational Education and Training 50/4.

McGrath, S. 1999 "Opening the doors of learning? South African education and training, 1994-9. Unpublished paper, Centre of African Studies, University of Edinburgh.

McGrath, S., King, K. et al. 1995 Education and Training for the Informal Sector. Education Paper 11, Overseas Development Administration, London.

McGrath, S. and King, K. 1996 "Learning to compete: African education, training and small enterprise development in the era of globalisation". Papers on Education, Training and Enterprise 1, Centre of African Studies, University of Edinburgh.

McGrath, S. and King, K. 1997 "The future of technical and vocational education and training". In Cummings, W. and McGinn, N. (eds.) International Handbook of Education and Development. Pergamon, Oxford.

Maldonado, C. 1989 "Self-training in theory and practice: the programme to support urban informal sector enterprises in French-speaking West Africa". In Fluitman, F. (ed.) Training for Work in the Informal Sector. International Labour Office, Geneva.

Manu, G. 1999 "Enterprise development in Africa: strategies for impact and growth". In King, K. and McGrath, S. (eds.) Enterprise in Africa: between Poverty and Growth. Intermediate Technology Publications, London.

Marais, H. 1998 South Africa: Limits to Change. Zed, London.

von Massow, F. 1999 "Inherent gender inequities in small enterprise development in rural Africa?". In King, K. and McGrath, S. (eds.) Enterprise in Africa: between Poverty and Growth. Intermediate Technology Publications, London.

Mathews, J. 1990 The Tools of Change. Pluto, Sydney.

Mead, D. 1998 "Small enterprise growth through business linkages in South Africa." Unpublished paper.

Mead, D. 1999 "MSEs tackle both poverty and growth (but in differing proportions)". In King, K. and McGrath, S. (eds.) Enterprise in Africa: between Poverty and Growth. Intermediate Technology Publications, London.

Ministry of Education (Kenya) 1984 The 8-4-4- System of Education. Government Printer, Nairobi.

Ministry of Education (Ghana) 1996 "Basic education sector improvement programme: policy document". Ministry of Education, Accra.

Muskin, J. 1997 "Meeting training needs in the informal sector of Chad". Unpublished paper.

National Development Planning Commission (Ghana) 1994. National Development Policy Framework. Volume 1. NDPC, Accra.

Nishimura, M. and Orodho, J. 1999 "Education, vocational training and employment: designing projects that link education and vocational training and employment in Kenya". Japan International Cooperation Agency, Nairobi.

Norrag News, 1999, 'The new politics of partnership and sector wide approaches' No. 25, CAS, University of Edinburgh.

Oketch, H. 1995 "Kenya". In McGrath, S. et al. Education and Training for the Informal Sector. Volume Two. Education Paper 11, Overseas Development Administration, London

Oketch, H. 1997 "The widening gap between theory and practice in Kenyan education, 1985-1997." Papers in Education, Training and Enterprise No. 11, Centre of African Studies, University of Edinburgh.

Oketch, H. 1999 "Post-adjustment innovations in vocational and technical education in Kenya". Papers in Education, Training and Enterprise No. 27, Centre of African Studies, University of Edinburgh.

Oketch, H. and Otieno, A. A. 1999 "Education, technical training and enterprise: case studies of micro and small enterprise growth, productivity and competitiveness in Kenya". Papers in Education, Training and Enterprise No. 20, Centre of African Studies, University of Edinburgh.

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Development Assistance Committee 1996 Shaping the 21st Century. DAC, OECD, Paris.

Oxfam 1999 Education now. Oxfam, Oxford.

Pedersen, P.-O. 1999 "Globalisation and the role of wholesalers, trading agents and producer services in African industrialisation and economic development". In King, K. and McGrath, S. (eds.) Enterprise in Africa: between Poverty and Growth. Intermediate Technology Publications, London.

Piore, M. and Sabel, C. 1984 The Second Industrial Divide. Basic Books, New York.

Powell, J. 1995a Survival of the Fitter. Intermediate Technology Publications, London.

Powell, J. 1995b The Intermediate Technology Training Unit. Intermediate Technology Publications, London.

Quarcoo, D. 1997 "Basic education". In Boeh-Ocansey, O. (ed.) Ghana's Microenterprise and Informal Sector. Anansesem Publications, Accra.

Rao, J. 1998 "Development in the time of globalisation". Working Paper 2, Social Development and Poverty Elimination Division, United Nations Development Programme, New York.

Rensburg, I. 1996 "Further education and training challenges for South Africa". Paper presented at the National Consultative Conference on Community Colleges, Vanderbijlpark, September.

Republic of Kenya 1992 Sessional Paper No. 2 on Small Enterprise and Jua Kali Development in Kenya. Government Printer, Nairobi.

Republic of Kenya 1996a Eighth National Development Plan. Government Printer, Nairobi.

Republic of Kenya 1996b Sessional Paper No. 2 on Industrial Transformation to the Year 2020. Government Printer, Nairobi.

Republic of Kenya 1998 Master Plan on Education and Training 1997 - 2010. Government Printer, Nairobi.

Republic of Kenya 1999 National Poverty Eradication Plan 1990 - 2015. Government Printer, Nairobi.

Republic of Kenya 2000 Totally Integrated Quality Education and Training. Government Printer, Nairobi.

Republic of South Africa 1995 White Paper on a National Strategy for the Development and Promotion of Small Business in South Africa. Government Printer, Pretoria.

Republic of South Africa 1996 White Paper on Science and Technology: Preparing for the 21st Century. Government Printer, Pretoria.

Republic of South Africa 1998a Poverty and Inequality in South Africa. Government Printer, Pretoria.

Republic of South Africa 1998b White Paper on Further Education and Training. Government Printer, Pretoria.

Ridker, R.G. 1997 "Determinants of educational achievement and attainment in Africa". Technical Paper 62, Social Development Publications Series, United States Agency for International Development.

Riddell, R. 1997 "The changing concepts of aid and development". In Cummings, W. and McGinn, N. (eds.) International Handbook of Education and Development. Pergamon, Oxford.

Rogerson, C. 1998 "The Gauteng manufacturing SME economy: present status and future prospects". Papers in Education, Training and Enterprise No. 12, Centre of African Studies, University of Edinburgh.

Rogerson, C. 1999a "Successful SMEs in South Africa: the case of clothing producers in the Witwatersrand". Papers in Education, Training and Enterprise No. 26, Centre of African Studies, University of Edinburgh.

Rogerson, C. 1999b "Small enterprise development in South Africa: gearing up for growth and poverty alleviation". In King, K. and McGrath, S. (eds.) Enterprise in Africa: between Poverty and Growth. Intermediate Technology Publications, London.

Senge, P. 1990 The Fifth Discipline: the Art and Practice of the Learning Organization. Doubleday, New York.

Stiglitz, J.E. 1998a "Gender and development: the role of the state". Downloaded from http://www.worldbank.org/html/extdr/extme/jssp040298.htm on 9/6/99.

Stiglitz, J.E. 1998b "Towards a new paradigm for development: strategies, policies and processes". Downloaded from http://www.worldbank.org/html/extdr/extme/js101998/index.htm on 9/6/99.

Stromquist, N. 1999 "The impact of structural adjustment programmes in Africa and Latin America". In Heward, C. and Bunwaree, S. (eds.) Gender, Education and Development. Zed, London.

Ueda, G. 1999 Devolution and Autonomy: Dynamics of Micro enterprise Reproduction in Nyeri Town, Kenya. Unpublished PhD thesis, University College London.

United Nations Children's Fund 1999 State of the World's Children 1999. UNICEF, New York.

Visser, K. 1997 "Enterprise education in South Africa". Papers in Education, Training and Enterprise No. 8, Centre of African Studies, University of Edinburgh.

Visser, K. 1999a "The export and growth potential of small and medium-sized enterprises in the South African clothing industry". Papers in Education, Training and Enterprise No. 15, Centre of African Studies, University of Edinburgh.

Visser, K. 1999b "Subcontracting and outsourcing between large and small enterprise-establishing business linkages". Papers in Education, Training and Enterprise No. 24, Centre of African Studies, University of Edinburgh.

Visser, K. 1999c "Learning in small enterprises: reflections from South Africa". Papers in Education, Training and Enterprise No. 25, Centre of African Studies, University of Edinburgh.

Watkins, K. 1997 "Globalisation and liberalisation: implications for poverty, distribution and inequality". Downloaded from http://www.undp.org/hdro/oc32a.htm on 9/6/99.

White, G. and Wade, R. 1991 "Developmental states and markets in East Asia: an introduction." In White, G. (ed.) Developmental States and Markets in East Asia. Macmillan, London.

Wolfensohn, J. 1999 "A proposal for a Comprehensive Development Framework". Downloaded from http://www.worldbank.org/html/extdr/cdf/cdf-text.htm on 10/4/99.

Woolard, I. and Barberton, C. 1996 "What is poverty?". Downloaded from http://www.idasa.org.za/final/publications/povert.html on 9/6/99.

World Bank 1994 "Gender and economic adjustment in Sub-Saharan Africa". Downloaded from http://www.worldbank.org/aftdr/findings/english/find19.htm on 10/6/99.

World Bank 1995 Priorities and Strategies for Education. World Bank, Washington DC.

World Bank 1999 Comprehensive Development Framework. Downloaded from http://www.worldbank.org/cdf/cdf.pdfon 10/4/99.

World Conference on Education for All 1990 "World declaration on education for all". WCEFA, New York.

Working Group for International Cooperation in Vocational and Technical Skills Development 1996 "Donor policies in skills development. Paper 1". Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation/International Labour Office/Northern Policy Research Review and Advisory Network on Education and Training, Bern/Geneva.

Working Group for International Cooperation in Vocational and Technical Skills Development 1997 "Donor policies in skills development. Paper 2". Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation/International Labour Office/Northern Policy Research Review and Advisory Network on Education and Training, Bern/Geneva.

Working Group for International Cooperation in Vocational and Technical Skills Development 1998 "Donor policies in skills development. Paper 3". Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation/International Labour Office/Northern Policy Research Review and Advisory Network on Education and Training, Bern/Geneva.

Working Group for International Cooperation in Vocational and Technical Skills Development 1999 "Donor policies in skills development. Paper 4". Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation/International Labour Office/Northern Policy Research Review and Advisory Network on Education and Training, Bern/Geneva.


PREVIOUS PAGE TOP OF PAGE NEXT PAGE