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Education and training for the informal sector - Education Research Paper No. 11, 1994, 332 p.

Table of Contents

Simon McGrath and Kenneth King with Fiona Leach and Roy Carr-Hill

in association with Osei Boeh-Ocansey, Keith D'Souza, Graciela Messina and Henry Oketch

Department For International Development

Table of Contents

Department for International Development - Education papers

Volume 1

Acknowledgements and a note on sources

Executive summary

Chapter one - Rationale and structure of the report

The approach to this study: Avoiding single factor explanations and single best approaches
A preference for multiple factor approaches and for changing pathways rather than single routes
Two groups of pathways for two tiers of the self-employed?
Methods and case studies in informal sector development
Structure of the report

Chapter two - Education and the informal sector

Arguments against vocationalisation
Vocational education
Pre-vocational education
Enterprise education
The education system
Conclusions on education and the informal sector

Chapter three - Post-school and out-of-school training

Non-formal education
The vocational training system
Rural training
NGO-organised training

Chapter four - Enterprise based training

Formal sector based on-the-job training
Traditional apprenticeship
Other models of enterprise based training in the informal sector

Chapter five - Women and training for the informal sector

Training of women for the informal sector
Formal education and training
Non-formal education and training
Income generating projects for women
Research-based findings on the training needs of women in the informal sector

Chapter six - What are the needs of the informal sector?

Non trade-skills training interventions
Pathways to self-employment
The variety of pathways and their links to education and training
Concluding remarks


Volume 2 - Country studies

Overseas Development Administration

1. Introduction

2. Ghana

Acronyms and abbreviations
Organisations and institutions contacted/visited
1. Introduction

1.1 Methodology

2. Basic education

2.1 Primary school
2.2 Junior secondary school
2.3 General remarks on basic education

3. Secondary education

3.1 Senior secondary school
3.2 Vocational and technical education and training

4. Education and training for income generation and survival
5. Post-secondary education, micro-enterprise development and the informal sector
6. Training for informal sector practitioners engaged in viable activities

6.1 Management development and productivity institute
6.2 National board for small scale industries
6.3 Ghana regional appropriate technology industrial service
6.4 GEPC export training school
6.5 Non-governmental organizations
6.6 Trade associations

7. Induction programmes for formal sector employees towards informal and SME sector: The EMPRETEC approach
8. Conclusions

3. Kenya

Acronyms and abbreviations
1. Introduction

1.1 Background
1.2 Statement of the problem
1.3 Objectives of the study
1.4 Study methodology
1.5 Organization of the report

2. Review of the literature

2.1 The education system and training opportunities for the informal sector
2.2 Post-education training programmes and skills acquisition
2.3 Work experience in the modern sector and skills transfer to the informal sector
2.4 Supply and demand for skills within the informal sector itself

3. Education and training projects for the informal sector

3.1 General comments
3.2 Appropriate technology for enterprise creation (ApproTEC)
3.3 Voluntary services overseas (VSO/Kenya)
3.4 Assistance in technical and entrepreneurship skills for Jua Kali women
3.5 Entrepreneurship Education Programme (EEP)
3.6 Redeemed gospel church inc.
3.7 Concluding remarks

4. Lessons learned and alternative strategy

4.1 Introduction
4.2 Sources of education and training for the informal sector
4.3 An alternative strategy


4. India

Acronyms and abbreviations
1. Introduction
2. Contextual background

2.1 The approach to development
2.2 Employment
2.3 Self-employment
2.4 The informal sector
2.5 Non-formal education and the informal sector
2.6 Role of NGOs in education and training for the informal sector

3. Four case studies

3.1 The behavioural science centre
3.2 Utthan Mahiti
3.3 Self-employed women's association (SEWA)
3.4 Shroffs foundation trust (SFT)

4. Lessons learnt from the case studies

5. Chile

Acronyms and abbreviations
1. Introduction
2. General background

2.1 Training for the informal sector: A necessary condition for modernization
2.2 Nature of the study
2.3 Approach to the study
2.4 Information sources

3. The comparative study

3.1 Social and educational context
3.2 What is the informal sector?
3.3 Programmes

4. By way of conclusion

4.1 Comments on the two programmes
4.2 Occupational training programmes for women
4.3 General recommendations