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CLOSE THIS BOOKA Guide to the Development of On-site Sanitation (WHO, 1992, 246 p.)
VIEW THE DOCUMENT(introduction...)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTPreface
Part I. Foundations of sanitary practice
Chapter 1. The need for on-site sanitation
VIEW THE DOCUMENTIntroduction
VIEW THE DOCUMENTHistorical evidence
VIEW THE DOCUMENTThe present situation
VIEW THE DOCUMENTConstraints
VIEW THE DOCUMENTPriorities
Chapter 2. Sanitation and disease transmission
VIEW THE DOCUMENTDiseases associated with excreta and wastewater
VIEW THE DOCUMENTHow disease is carried from excreta
Chapter 3. Social and cultural considerations
VIEW THE DOCUMENT(introduction...)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTSocial structure
VIEW THE DOCUMENTCultural beliefs and practices
VIEW THE DOCUMENTConcepts of hygiene
VIEW THE DOCUMENTBeliefs about sanitation and disease
VIEW THE DOCUMENTForces for change
VIEW THE DOCUMENTResponses to change
VIEW THE DOCUMENTConclusion
Chapter 4. Technical options
VIEW THE DOCUMENT(introduction...)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTOpen defecation
VIEW THE DOCUMENTShallow pit
VIEW THE DOCUMENTSimple pit latrine
VIEW THE DOCUMENTBorehole latrine
VIEW THE DOCUMENTVentilated pit latrine
VIEW THE DOCUMENTPour-flush latrine
VIEW THE DOCUMENTSingle or double pit
VIEW THE DOCUMENTComposting latrine
VIEW THE DOCUMENTSeptic tank
VIEW THE DOCUMENTAqua-privy
VIEW THE DOCUMENTRemoval systems for excreta
Part II. Detailed design, construction, operation and maintenance
Chapter 5. Technical factors affecting excreta disposal
VIEW THE DOCUMENTHuman wastes
VIEW THE DOCUMENTGround conditions
VIEW THE DOCUMENTInsect and vermin problems
Chapter 6. Operation and maintenance of on-site sanitation
VIEW THE DOCUMENT(introduction...)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTPit latrines
VIEW THE DOCUMENTSimple pit latrines
VIEW THE DOCUMENTVentilated pit latrines
VIEW THE DOCUMENTVentilated double-pit latrines
VIEW THE DOCUMENTPour-flush latrines
VIEW THE DOCUMENTOffset pour-flush latrines
VIEW THE DOCUMENTDouble-pit offset pour-flush latrines
VIEW THE DOCUMENTRaised pit latrines
VIEW THE DOCUMENTBorehole latrines
VIEW THE DOCUMENTSeptic tanks
VIEW THE DOCUMENTAqua-privies
VIEW THE DOCUMENTDisposal of effluent from septic tanks and aqua-privies
VIEW THE DOCUMENTComposting latrines
VIEW THE DOCUMENTMultiple latrines
VIEW THE DOCUMENTOther latrines
Chapter 7. Components and construction of latrines
VIEW THE DOCUMENT(introduction...)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTPits
VIEW THE DOCUMENTLatrine floors
VIEW THE DOCUMENTSlabs
VIEW THE DOCUMENTFootrests and squat holes
VIEW THE DOCUMENTSeats for latrines
VIEW THE DOCUMENTWater seals and pans
VIEW THE DOCUMENTVent pipes
VIEW THE DOCUMENTSuperstructure
Chapter. 8 Design examples
VIEW THE DOCUMENTIntroduction
VIEW THE DOCUMENTPit latrine design
VIEW THE DOCUMENTSeptic tank design
VIEW THE DOCUMENTAqua-privy design
VIEW THE DOCUMENTDisposal of effluent from septic tanks and aqua-privies
VIEW THE DOCUMENTComposting toilets
Part III. Planning and development of on-site sanitation projects
Chapter 9. Planning
VIEW THE DOCUMENT(introduction...)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTThe demand for sanitation
VIEW THE DOCUMENTProject definition
VIEW THE DOCUMENTBackground information
VIEW THE DOCUMENTComparison and selection of systems
Chapter 10. Institutional, economic and financial factors
VIEW THE DOCUMENTInstitutional responsibilities
VIEW THE DOCUMENTHuman resources development
VIEW THE DOCUMENTEconomic factors
VIEW THE DOCUMENTFinancial factors
VIEW THE DOCUMENTExamples
Chapter 11. Development
VIEW THE DOCUMENT(introduction...)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTImplementation
VIEW THE DOCUMENTOperation and maintenance
VIEW THE DOCUMENTEvaluation
VIEW THE DOCUMENTReferences
VIEW THE DOCUMENTSelected further reading
VIEW THE DOCUMENTGlossary of terms used in this book
VIEW THE DOCUMENTAnnex 1. Reuse of excreta
VIEW THE DOCUMENTAnnex 2. Sullage
VIEW THE DOCUMENTAnnex 3. Reviewers
VIEW THE DOCUMENTSelected WHO publications of related interest
VIEW THE DOCUMENTBack Cover
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