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CLOSE THIS BOOKIntegrated Helminth Control - KARI technical note no. 2 (DFID - KARI, 1999, 54 p.)
PART THREE - Guidelines For Anthelmintic Use
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VIEW THE DOCUMENTSheep And Goat Wormer Guide
VIEW THE DOCUMENTCattle Wormer Guide

Integrated Helminth Control - KARI technical note no. 2 (DFID - KARI, 1999, 54 p.)

PART THREE - Guidelines For Anthelmintic Use

GUIDELINES FOR ANTHELMINTIC USE

· To minimise the risk of anthelmintic resistance, the frequency of drug use should be reduced as much as possible. As a rough guide, no more than four doses of anthelmintic should be given to any stock in one year.

· Use drugs from different chemical groups in successive years

· The drug market in Kenya contains a number of fake and substandard products. Use only products made by a reputable manufacturer. Report any suspected drug efficacy problems to the local Veterinary Investigation Laboratory.

· Dose animals on the basis of the heaviest animal in the group. Farmers have a tendency to underestimate animal weights and hence often under dose the animals.

· Most anthelmintics given orally are more effective if given on an empty stomach. Animals are best dosed early in the morning before they are released for grazing. Animals that are not normally kept in a boma over night should have their feed restricted prior to treatment.

· Oral dosing should aim to place the drug into the animal's throat rather than into the mouth. This ensures proper uptake into the rumen.

· Dosing equipment should be accurate and properly maintained.

· Anthelmintics should not be combined with other drugs or diluted.

· Bottles of anthelmintic should be properly mixed prior to use. Repeated slow inversion of the bottle is better than vigorous shaking.

· Care should be taken in introducing animals to the flock/herd. They may be bringing resistant worms with them. Only buy animals from farms who practice a minimal dosing regime. Try to get a history of anthelmintic use. On arrival treat the animals with ivermectin (if possible) or with one dose of levamisole and one dose of benzimidazole. If possible keep the new animals separate from the herd/flock for 48 hours after treatment and discard and burn any manure produced during that time.

Sheep And Goat Wormer Guide

Group 1: Benzimidazole Drugs.

Chemical

Product Name

Round worms

Tape worms

Flukes

Nasal Bots

Dose Rate

Albendazole

Tramazole

YES

YES

AT 7.5 MG/K


5 mg/kg


Valbazen 10%

YES

YES

AT 7.5 MG/K


5 mg/kg


Valbazen 2.5%

YES

YES

AT 7.5 MG/K


5 mg/kg


Vermiprazole

YES

YES

AT 7.5 MG/K


5 mg/kg


Vermitan

YES

YES

AT 7.5 MG/K


5 mg/kg


Wormita

YES

YES

AT 7.5 MG/K


5 mg/kg

Fenbendazole

Curazole

YES

YES



5 mg/kg


Panacur 10%

YES

YES



5 mg/kg


Panacur 2.5%

YES

YES



5 mg/kg


Zerofen 10%

YES

YES



5 mg/kg


Zerofen 2.5%

YES

YES



5 mg/kg

Oxfendazole

Systamex

YES

YES



5 mg/kg

Group 2: Levamisole Drugs.

Chemical

Product Name

Round worms

Tape worms

Flukes

Nasal Bots

Dose Rate

Levamisole plus Rafoxanide

Flukazole

YES


YES

YES

7.5 mg/kg

Levamisole

Levacide

YES




7.5 mg/kg

Levamisole

Levacide injection

YES




7.5 mg/kg

Levamisole plus Oxyclozanide

Levafas

YES


YES


7.5 mg/kg

Levamisole plus Oxyclozanide

Levafas Diamond

YES


YES


7.5 mg/kg

Levamisole plus Rafoxanide

Multidose

YES


YES

YES

7.5 mg/kg

Levamisole

Nilverm

YES




7.5 mg/kg

Levamisole plus Oxyclozanide

Nilzan Plus

YES


YES


7.5 mg/kg

Levamisole plus Oxyclozanide

Vermofas

YES


YES


7.5 mg/kg

Levamisole

Wormicid

YES




7.5 mg/kg

Levamisole plus Bithionol

Wormicid Plus

YES


YES


7.5 mg/kg

Group 3: Macrocyclic Lactone Drugs.

Chemical

Product Name

Round worms

Tape worms

Flukes

Nasal Bots

Dose Rate

Ivermectin

Ivomec

YES



YES

0.2 mg/kg

Ivermectin

Oramec

YES



YES

0.2 mg/kg

Ivermectin plus Clorsulon

Ivomec Super

YES


YES

YES

0.2 mg/kg

Moxidectin

Cydectin

YES



YES

0.2 mg/kg

Doramectin

Dectomax

YES



YES

0.2 mg/kg

Group 4: Other Drugs.

Chemical

Product Name

Round worms

Tape worms

Flukes

Nasal Bots

Dose Rate

Nitroxynil

Trodax

Haemonchus only


YES

AT 20 mg/kg

10 mg/kg

Rafoxanide

Ranox

Haemonchus only


YES

YES

7.5 mg/kg

Oxyclozanide

Zanil



YES



Cattle Wormer Guide

Group 1: Benzimidazole Drugs.

Chemical

Product Name

Round worms

Tape worms

Flukes

Nasal Bots

Dose Rate

Albendazole

Tramazole

YES

YES

AT 10 mg/kg


7.5 mg/kg


Valbazen 10%

YES

YES

AT 10 mg/kg


7.5 mg/kg


Vermiprazole

YES

YES

AT 10 mg/kg


7.5 mg/kg


Vermitan

YES

YES

AT 10 mg/kg


7.5 mg/kg


Wormita

YES

YES

AT 10 mg/kg


7.5 mg/kg

Fenbendazole

Curazole

YES

YES



7.5 mg/kg


Panacur 10%

YES

YES



7.5 mg/kg


Zerofen 10%

YES

YES



7.5 mg/kg

Oxfendazole

Systamex

YES

YES



7.5 mg/kg

Group 2: Levamisole Drugs.

Chemical

Product Name

Round worms

Tape worms

Flukes

Nasal Bots

Dose Rate

Levamisole plus Rafoxanide

Flukazole

YES


YES

YES

7.5 mg/kg

Levamisole

Levacide

YES




7.5 mg/kg

Levamisole

Levacide Injection

YES




7.5 mg/kg

Levamisole plus Oxyclozanide

Levafas

YES


YES


7.5 mg/kg

Levamisole plus Oxyclozanide

Levafas Diamond

YES


YES


7.5 mg/kg

Levamisole plus Rafoxanide

Multidose

YES


YES

YES

7.5 mg/kg

Levamisole

Nilverm

YES




7.5 mg/kg

Levamisole plus Oxyclozanide

Nilzan Plus

YES


YES


7.5 mg/kg

Levamisole plus Oxyclozanide

Vermofas

YES


YES


7.5 mg/kg

Levamisole

Wormicid

YES




7.5 mg/kg

Levamisole plus Bithionol

Wormicid Plus

YES


YES


7.5 mg/kg

Group 3: Macrocyclic Lactone Drugs.

Chemical

Product Name

Round worms

Tape worms

Flukes

Nasal Bots

Dose Rate

Ivermectin

Ivomec

YES



YES

0.2 mg/kg

Ivermectin

Oramec

YES



YES

0.2 mg/kg

Ivermectin plus Clorsulon

Ivomec Super

YES


YES

YES

0.2 mg/kg

Moxidectin

Cydectin

YES



YES

0.2 mg/kg

Doramectin

Dectomax

YES



YES

0.2 mg/kg

Group 4: Other Drugs.

Chemical

Product Name

Round worms

Tape worms

Flukes

Nasal Bots

Dose Rate

Nitroxynil

Trodax

Haemonchus only


YES

AT 20 mg/kg

10 mg/kg

Rafoxanide

Ranox

Haemonchus only


YES

YES

7.5 mg/kg

Oxyclozanide

Zanil



YES



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