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CLOSE THIS BOOKSmall-Scale Manufacture of Footwear (ILO - WEP, 1982, 228 p.)
VIEW THE DOCUMENT(introduction...)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTAcknowledgements
VIEW THE DOCUMENTPreface
CHAPTER I. INTRODUCTION
VIEW THE DOCUMENTI. Objectives of the memorandum
VIEW THE DOCUMENTII. The footwear industry
VIEW THE DOCUMENTIII. Types of footwear
VIEW THE DOCUMENTIV. Operation reference numbering system and tables of technical data
VIEW THE DOCUMENTV. Scales of production
VIEW THE DOCUMENTVI. Use of the technological information
CHAPTER II. MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY FOR TYPE 1 FOOTWEAR
VIEW THE DOCUMENT(introduction...)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTI. Operation sequence
II. Detailed description of processing stages
VIEW THE DOCUMENTII.1 Cutting uppers (Operation reference No. 1)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTII.2 Upper preparation
VIEW THE DOCUMENTII.3 Upper stitching (Operation reference No. 9)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTII.4 Stitched upper finishing
VIEW THE DOCUMENTII.5 Bottom component preparation
VIEW THE DOCUMENTII.6 Making
VIEW THE DOCUMENTII.7 Shoe finishing and packing (Operation reference No. 31)
III. Table of technical data
VIEW THE DOCUMENTIII.1 Material handling resources, work force and production floor area
VIEW THE DOCUMENTIII.2 Workforce allocation: Table II.4
VIEW THE DOCUMENTIII.3 Equipment specification: Table II.5
VIEW THE DOCUMENTIV. Floor plans for production areas
CHAPTER III. MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGIES FOR FOOTWEAR TYPES 2 TO 6
VIEW THE DOCUMENT(introduction...)
I. Type 2 footwear: Leather-upper, cement-lasted shoes with directly moulded-on soles
VIEW THE DOCUMENT(introduction...)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTI.1 Scrim attaching (Operation reference No. 32)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTI.2 Heel Core attaching (Operation reference No. 33)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTI.3 Bottom solutioning (Operation reference No. 34)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTI.4 Direct sole mouldinq-on (Operation reference No. 35)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTI.5 Subsequent operations
VIEW THE DOCUMENTI.6 Tables of technical data for type 2 footwear
II. Type 3 footwear: Leather-upper, tack-lasted shoes with machine-sewn leather soles
VIEW THE DOCUMENT(introduction...)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTII.1 Insole preparation (Operation reference No. 36)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTII.2 Sole preparation (Operation reference No. 37)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTII.3 Insole tacking (Operation reference No. 38)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTII.4 Tack lasting (Operation reference No. 39)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTII.5 Bottom pounding (Operation reference No. 40)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTII.6 Bottom cementing (Operation reference No. 41)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTII.7 Sole laying (Operation reference No. 42)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTII.8 Last removal (Operation reference No. 43)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTII.9 Sole stitching (Operation reference No. 44)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTII.10 Sole levelling (Operation reference No. 45)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTII.11 Seat nailing (Operation reference No. 46)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTII.12 Heel attaching (Operation reference No. 47)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTII.13 Re-lasting (Operation reference No. 48)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTII.14 Heel trimming (Operation reference No. 49)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTII.15 Edge trimming (Operation reference No. 50)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTII.16 Bottom finishing (Operation reference No. 51)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTII.17 Tables of technical data
III. Type 4 footwear: Welded synthetic upper, string lasted shoes with moulded-on soles
VIEW THE DOCUMENT(introduction...)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTIII.1 Cutting and welding upper components (Operation reference No. 52)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTIII.2 Welding upper components together (Operation reference No. 53)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTIII.3 Lasting string attaching (Operation reference No. 54)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTIII.4 String lasting and moulding-on of soles (Operation reference No. 55)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTIII.5 Sock insertion (Operation reference No. 56)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTIII.6 Tables of technical data
IV. Type 5 footwear: Stitched synthetic upper cement-lasted sandals and casual shoes with built or unit soles
VIEW THE DOCUMENT(introduction...)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTIV.1 Sole and insole preparation (Operation reference No. 57)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTIV.2 Heel preparation (Operation reference No. 58)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTIV.3 Lasting uppers (Operation reference No. 59)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTIV.4 Heel attaching (Operation reference No. 60)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTIV.5 Sole, finishing (Operation reference No. 61)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTIV.6 Tables of technical data
V. Type 6 footwear: Single injection, moulded plastic sandals
VIEW THE DOCUMENT(introduction...)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTV.1 Single injection moulding technique and equipment (Operation reference No. 62)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTV.2 Tables of technical data
CHAPTER IV. FRAMEWORK FOR PROJECT EVALUATION
VIEW THE DOCUMENT(introduction...)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTI. Factors influencing the choice of technology
II. Evaluation methodology
VIEW THE DOCUMENT(introduction...)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTII.1 Estimation of cost items
VIEW THE DOCUMENTII.2 Estimation of total annual costs and of gross profits
VIEW THE DOCUMENTII.3 Sources of technical and economic data
VIEW THE DOCUMENTII.4 Hypothetical examples of the application of the evaluation methodology
III. Evaluation of technologies adopted by established footwear factories in developing countries
VIEW THE DOCUMENT(introduction...)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTIII.1 Alternative technologies for type 1 footwear: A Ghanaian case study
VIEW THE DOCUMENTIII.2 Comparison of alternative types of footwear at fixed levels of scale: Ethiopian case study
VIEW THE DOCUMENTIII.3 Effects of scale on manufacturing technology for type 1 footwear: Ghanaian and Ethiopian case studies
IV. Concluding remarks on the choice of technology and specialisation
VIEW THE DOCUMENTIV.1 Need for preliminary marketing investigations
VIEW THE DOCUMENTIV.2 Specialisation and organisation of production
CHAPTER V. FRAMEWORK FOR NATIONAL DECISIONS
VIEW THE DOCUMENT(introduction...)
I. Comparison of alternative footwear products
VIEW THE DOCUMENTI.1 Capital and labour requirements for different technologies and types of footwear
VIEW THE DOCUMENTI.2 Product choice, resource allocation and the satisfaction of basic needs
II. Economic and social appraisal of alternative technologies and products
VIEW THE DOCUMENTII.1 Social versus private benefit-cost analysis
VIEW THE DOCUMENTII.2 Appraisal of alternative technologies for type 1 footwear
VIEW THE DOCUMENTII.3 Data requirements and sensitivity analysis
III. Towards a national footwear manufacturing strategy
VIEW THE DOCUMENTIII.1 Factors influencing a national footwear strategy
VIEW THE DOCUMENTIII.2 Comparative advantage, social considerations and product choice
VIEW THE DOCUMENTIII.3 Backward linkages and availability of raw materials
VIEW THE DOCUMENTIII.4 Employment, technological choice and skill requirements
VIEW THE DOCUMENTIII.5 Other factors
APPENDICES
VIEW THE DOCUMENTAppendix I - Glossary of technical terms
VIEW THE DOCUMENTAppendix II - List of equipment suppliers
VIEW THE DOCUMENTAppendix III - Selected bibliography
VIEW THE DOCUMENTAppendix IV - Selected list of technical institutions
VIEW THE DOCUMENTAppendix V - Present worth of an annuity factor
VIEW THE DOCUMENTQuestionnaire
VIEW THE DOCUMENTOther ILO publications
VIEW THE DOCUMENTBack cover
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