Within the Ministry of Water, Energy and Minerals, the training and development of human resources in environmental issues is lacking. This gives rise to a secondary problem, that of inability to train the artisanal miners themselves. It has manifested during the field study that many artisanal miners were unaware of the chemical, sanitary, or health hazards, or other negative consequences.
(i) Zonal Mines offices are responsible for imparting mining knowledge to miners within their zones. In most zonal offices, the officers concerned do not have transport facilities to enable them to adequately cover the areas they are responsible for, and as a result, it becomes impossible to attend to the needs of miners. No visual aids on environment protection were seen anywhere in the areas visited.
(ii) It is recommended that urgent steps be taken to adequately equip the zonal offices so that periodic visits to mining areas can be made.
(iii) It is recommended the training should be in the form of seminars and courses for miners at the Madini Institute in Dodoma, or other relevant college, and that formal university/college courses should be provided for Government engineers and officers.
(iv) It is recommended that deliberate efforts be made to prepare large posters to be sent to the mining areas. These should essentially cover proper mining and processing technology, proper sanitation and health, environmental pollution control and other relevant issues.
Observations and recommendations have been given at the end of each chapter in the report; in addition, they have also been highlighted in the executive summary.