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CLOSE THIS BOOKLivestock and Poultry Production (IIRR, 1992, 106 p.)
VIEW THE DOCUMENT(introduction...)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTMessage
VIEW THE DOCUMENTWorkshop to revise the agroforestry technology information kit (ATIK)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTList of participants
Current program thrusts in upland development
VIEW THE DOCUMENTSimple agro-livestock technology (SALT-2)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTIntensive feed garden
VIEW THE DOCUMENTCharacteristics of forage grasses for IFG
VIEW THE DOCUMENTPlant-based livestock medication
VIEW THE DOCUMENTSmall-scale cattle production
VIEW THE DOCUMENTForced-feeding technology (including Batangas cattle-fattening system)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTNative pig production
VIEW THE DOCUMENTPig-feed garden
VIEW THE DOCUMENTLow-cost goat housing
VIEW THE DOCUMENTImproving the native chicken
VIEW THE DOCUMENTFamily Backyard Poultry project
VIEW THE DOCUMENTHow to raise ducks
VIEW THE DOCUMENTNative bee production
VIEW THE DOCUMENTOn-farm fodder sources in agroforestry (trees and grasses)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTOff-farm fodder sources in agroforestry (trees and grasses)

Plant-based livestock medication

The rising cost of animal drugs is one of the (livestock) farmer's biggest problem. Compounding the situation is the remoteness of villagers to towns where they could avail of the services of animal technicians or veterinarians to provide the needed animal health care. Commercial drugs can be difficult to obtain in remote upland communities.

Medicinal plants abound throughout the country. When administered in conjunction with standard veterinary therapy, they can considerably reduce the cost of animal health care. Moreover, they can prevent unnecessary animal deaths resulting from lack of veterinary care in remote areas.

The following are some commonly used medicinal plants which are proven to be effective.

Alagaw Premna odorata

Abgaw (Bisaya), Adiyo, Argaw (Tagalog)

A decoction of 8-15 leaves and 2-3 glasses of water given as drench (1/2 to 1 cup, 3 times a day for 3 days) is effective against fever, cough and colds.

The extract of fresh leaves is internally used against ringworm and externally against ticks, lice, fleas and to clean wounds.


Alagaw

Ampalaya Momordica charantia Paliya (Bisaya)

Bitter Gourd (English), Paria, Piliya (Tagalog)

The juice extract from 1/2 to 1 kg of the leaves is orally given to the animal as dewormer.

Given to one-day-old piglets, it prevents piglet anemia.


Ampalaya

Bayabas Psidium guajava Guava (English)

A decoction of 12 leaves and 2 glasses of water is given as drench for diarrhea (1 to 2 glasses, 3 times a day for 1 to 2 days).

A poultice of pounded leaves is applied to skin diseases; infested wounds and castration wounds and is also used to stop bleeding.


Bayabas

Bunga Areca catechu Betelnut (English)

Young betelnuts are used as dewormer, especially against tapeworm and roundworm. They are pounded, added with water and fed to the animal once. - The dosage for chicken is a piece as big as a peanut, 1-3 nuts for goats and pigs and 8-10 nuts for cattle/carabao.


Bunga

Caimito Chrysophyllum cainito L. Starapple (English)

Decoction of 1/2 kg of caimito leaves and 3 glasses of water is given as drench (1 cup, 3 times a day for 1 to 3 days) for fever and diarrhea in animals.


Caimito

Kakawate Gliricidia sepium Madre de Kakaw (Tagalog, Bisaya)

Leaves are pounded, the extracted juice is externally applied on the affected area to cure skin diseases, wounds and to get rid of external parasites like lice, ticks and fleas.


Kakawate

Lagundi Vitex negundo Five-leaves chaste tree (English)

Decoction of 112 kg leaves and 2 liters of water is given as drench (3 liters a day, 2 times a day for 1 to 3 days) is effective to treat fever, flu and cough.

The juice extracted from the leaves is used as dewormer (1 to 2 kg of leaves) and to treat Newcastle Disease in poultry.


Lagundi

Lantana Lantana camara L. Baho-baho (Bisayas), Kantutal (Tagalog)

A decoction of 200 9 leaves and flowers and 1 liter of water, given three times a day, is used to reduce fever and to cure cough and colds.

A poultice of pounded fresh leaves is applied for sprains, fractures and rheumatism.


Lantana

Malunggay Moringa oleifera Lam. Horseradish tree, drumstick tree (English)

An orally given extract of 1/2 to 1 kg leaves prevents piglet anemia if given to one-dayold piglets.

The extracted juice is also effective extemally to cure wounds and internally as dewormer.

Young leaves fed to lactating sow or cow stimulates milk flow.


Malunggay

Niyog Cocos nucifera Lubi (Bisaya), Coconut (English)

Water of the young coconut (3 to 5 coconuts) together with 1 cup of sugar and some salt is given to animals with diarrhea.

For bioat, constipation and as dewormer the juice/oil from meat of the mature coconut (200 to 350 ml. 2 times a day for 2 days) is mixed with the feed of the animal.


Niyog

Saging Musa sapientum Banana

Clean, chopped banana leaves (var. saba) are fed ad libitum to animals suffering from diarrhea.

To treat open wounds, e.g, to stop bleeding after castration, clean steamed banana leaves (all varieties) are applied next to the lesions.


Saging

Sambong Blumea balsamifera Alibum, Ayoban, Lakadbulan (Bisaya), Ngai camphor (English)

Decoction of 10 leaves and 1 liter of water is given as drench against fever, colds, cough, running nose and diarrhea (2 times a day 1/2 to 1 liter for 1 to 3 days)


Sambong

Notes:

If no specific animal species is mentioned, the remedy can be used for all livestock.

To prepare a decoction, the plant materials are boiled in water for 15-20 minutes or until the water is reduced to half its original volume. Allow to cool and strain.

If symptoms persist, a veterinarian should be consulted.

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