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CLOSE THIS BOOKLivestock and Poultry Production (IIRR, 1992, 106 p.)
VIEW THE DOCUMENT(introduction...)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTMessage
VIEW THE DOCUMENTWorkshop to revise the agroforestry technology information kit (ATIK)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTList of participants
Current program thrusts in upland development
VIEW THE DOCUMENTSimple agro-livestock technology (SALT-2)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTIntensive feed garden
VIEW THE DOCUMENTCharacteristics of forage grasses for IFG
VIEW THE DOCUMENTPlant-based livestock medication
VIEW THE DOCUMENTSmall-scale cattle production
VIEW THE DOCUMENTForced-feeding technology (including Batangas cattle-fattening system)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTNative pig production
VIEW THE DOCUMENTPig-feed garden
VIEW THE DOCUMENTLow-cost goat housing
VIEW THE DOCUMENTImproving the native chicken
VIEW THE DOCUMENTFamily Backyard Poultry project
VIEW THE DOCUMENTHow to raise ducks
VIEW THE DOCUMENTNative bee production
VIEW THE DOCUMENTOn-farm fodder sources in agroforestry (trees and grasses)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTOff-farm fodder sources in agroforestry (trees and grasses)

Pig-feed garden

Pig-feed gardening is the planting of rootcrops, vegetables, leguminous trees and nonconventional feedstuff on a piece of land, approximately 200 sq m. The garden can support 4-5 average-size pigs.

Table 10. recommended plants for the pig feed garden (PFG).

Plant

Parts used

Propagation

A.Protein sources

Madre de cacao

Leaves, stems, flowers, young fruits

Seeds and cuttings

Gliricidia sepium



Kakawati (Tagalog)



Ipil-ipil

Leaves, stems, flowers, young fruits

Seeds and cuttings

Leucaena leucocephala



Cowpea Visna sinensis Paayap (Tagalog)

Leaves, stems, flowers, young fruits

Seeds

Hyacinth bean Dolichos lablab Bataw (Tagalog)

Leaves, stems, flowers, young fruits

Seeds

Cassava

Leaves

Cuttings

Manihot esculenta



Kamoteng Kahoy (Tagalog)



Balinghoy (Bicol)



B. Energy sources

Corn

Grain

Seeds

Zea mays



Mais (Tagalog)



Cassava

Root

Cuttings

Manihot esculenta



Kamoteng Kahoy (Tagalog)



Balinghoy (Bicol)



Sweet potato

Root

Cuttings

Ipomea batatas


Rootsprouts, root

Kamoteng (Tagalog)



Gabi

Corm

Sucker, rhizomes, corms

Colocasia esculenta



Ubi (white)

Tuber

Sucker, tuber

Dioscorea a/ata



Ube (Tagalog)



Arrowroot

Root

Sucker, Rootbits

Maranta arudinacea



Oraro (Luzon, Visayas)



Sago (Panay)



Tugui

Tuber

Tuber

Dioscorea esculenta



Tugui, tugue (Luzon)



Apali/Apari/



Tam-is (Visayas)



Buri

Stem

Seed

Coreypa alata



Sorghum

Grains

Seed

C. Vitamin and mineral sources

Malunggay

Leaves, stems, flowers, fruits

Seeds and cuttings

Moringa oleifera



Amaranth

Leaves

Seeds

Amarantus spinosus



Ural (llokano)



Kulitis (Bicol, Tagalog)



Sweet potato

Leaves, vines

Cuttings, roots, rootsprouts

Ipomoea batatas



Kamote



Japanese malunggay

Leaves

Seeds, cuttings

Sauropus androgenus



Gabi

Leaves, petioles

Sucker, rhizomes, corms

Colocasia esculenta



D. Water sources



Sweet potato

Leaves, stems, flowers

Cuttings, roots rootsprouts

Ipomoea batatas



Kamote



Kangkong (aquatica)

Leaves, vines

Seeds and cuttings

Ipomoea aquatica



Considerations:

1. Factors considerad in the selection of plants are:

a. availability
b. nutritional content
c. drought resistance
d. disease resistance
e. can be planted on a variety of soil
f. perennial, annual plants

2. In areas where free water abounds, other feedstuffs like Azolla, Galiang (Alocasia macrorrhiza) and kangkong (lowland) can be planted. Azolla is high in protein (17-28 percent CP). Galiang is a good source of energy while kangkong is also a good source of water, vitamin and minarals.

3. Other non-conventional feedstuffs can be used as pig feed (See Table 11)

TABLE 11 Other non-conventional feedstuffs

Plant

Parts used

Propagation

Talinum

Leaves, stems

Cuttings

T. triangulare



Espinacas



Ulasiman

Leaves, stems

Cuttings

Portulaca oleracea



Alugbati

Leaves, stems,

Cuttings

Base/h alba

flowers, fruits


Grana



Nami

Tuber

Tuber

Dioscorea hispida



Namo (Luzon)



Kalut, Kurot, Kuwot (Visayas, Mindanao)



Pongapong

Leaves, stems, corms

Cormels

Amorphallus campanulatus



Bagong (Visayas)



Banana

Stems, corms, body, leaves

Cormels

Musa sp.



Saging (Tagalog)



Batag (Bicol)



4. Kitchen left-overs can be added to improve the nutritional value of the feed. These are:

a. fish and rice washings
b. Egg shells
c. Fruit peelings
d. Over-ripe fruits
e. snails (Golden kuhol)

5. Pig feed garden (PFG) provides a source of:

a. less expensive and locally available feed ingredients
b. nutritious and palatable feedstuffs
c. green manure
d. alternative medications for pigs and other animals
e. extra income for the farmers
f. nutritious food for the family

6. Management care

a. A fence should be provided around the garden.
b. Apply compost and green manure to fertilize crops.
c. Provide drainage on waterlogged areas.
d. Plant insect-repellants.
e. Regularly weed and/or water the plants.

7. The PFG can start feeding pigs from 3 weeks to 3 months, depending on type of plants used.

8. Feeding value of some common feedstuffs is influenced to a certain extent by the way they are prepared for feeding.

Table 12. Preparation of some common

Feed Stuff

Toxin

Preparation

Rationale

Cowpea Hyacinth bean

Trypsin- inhibiting factor

Cooking

Nutritional availability of protein is increased. Destroys anti- enzyme that depresses growth.

Cassava

Hydrocyanic acid

Washing

Toxic constituent is removed.

Gabi Tugui Ubi

Calcium oxalate

Cooking

Palatability is improved because itchiness is removed.

Buri

Pounding and drying of stem


Powder is collected.

Nami

Dioscorine

Sliced placed in sacks soaked in free flowing water for 3 days. Once snails are seen clinging to the sack, it means toxic substance has been washed out and could then be used as feed.

To get rid of toxic substance

Snails


Pounding

To improve palatability and digestibility of protein and calcium

Pongapong

Calcium oxalate

Cooking

To improve palatability

Land Preparation and Planting

Land area should be cleared of all weeds before the bed preparation and planting. The fence line can be utilized for planting annual and perennial plants like horseradish tree, hyacinth bean, cassava, Gliricidia, Leucaena, ubi and tugui. Bio-intensive gardening (BIG) can be adapted for planting the other crops for the pig-feed garden.


Pig feed garden

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