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CLOSE THIS BOOKBetter Farming Series 21- Wet Paddy or Swamp Rice (FAO - INADES, 1977, 40 p.)
Harvesting
VIEW THE DOCUMENTCutting the rice
VIEW THE DOCUMENTDrying
VIEW THE DOCUMENTThreshing
VIEW THE DOCUMENTWinnowing
VIEW THE DOCUMENTStoring

Better Farming Series 21- Wet Paddy or Swamp Rice (FAO - INADES, 1977, 40 p.)

Harvesting

Cutting the rice

You can get a better price for paddy if you cut your rice only when It is quite ripea ripe grain makes a crunching noise when you bite it; when the paddy is very clean, without any little stones or weed seeds; and when it is quite dry. If the heads are left on the ground too long, the grains may rot or germinate.

37. It is hard to know the right moment for harvesting.

The right moment to harvest is different for different varieties of rice.

Varieties that grow fast, for example in 4 months, are the first to be harvested.

Varieties that grow more slowly, for example in 5 months, are harvested later.

The right moment for harvesting differs also according to the season, but is usually after the rainy season.

38. Cut the rice when it is well ripened.

Wait until the heads are yellow.

Cut the rice with a sickle. This is the quickest way to do it.

Either cut the stems close to the ground, or cut only the panicle.

Drying

39. When you have cut the rice, make sheaves by binding a lot of stems together.

Either: Stack the sheaves so that they lean against each other, standing upright with heads upward, and place one sheaf over the top of the heads, so as to protect the grains from the rain.

Or: Lean the sheaves against a stick supported by two poles.

Either way the rice can dry well.

Leave the rice to dry for three or four days before threshing.


Either way the rice can dry well

Threshing

40. There are three ways of threshing:

Either: Put the rice on a hard piece of ground, very clean and without dust, or covered with mats, and beat the heads with a stick;

Or: Beat the rice against a large stone or a tree trunk;

Or: Use a small thresher. You can join with a few other farmers and buy a small thresher together. In this way the work can be done better and more quickly.


Small rice thresher

Winnowing

41. It is important that the rice grains should be very clean' and not mixed up with earth and little stones. When you have threshed your rice, winnow it to make it quite clean.

For winnowing, use a sieve or else pour the rice from one flat bowl into another.


The wind blows the dirt away

Storing

42. Rice can be stored either in sacks or in a barn.

The sacks or the barn must be protected

· against damp, which makes the grains rot,

· against rats and insects, which eat or spoil the grains.

The barn floor must not touch the ground. This will keep the rice dry.

The barns must be disinfected. Ask the extension service what disinfectants to use and how to apply them: some disinfectants are poisonous.

Rice can be eaten by the family. Rice can also be sold, either at the market, or to companies which resell it afterwards.

Rice Is a crop which can pay well.

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