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CLOSE THIS BOOKBetter Farming Series 21- Wet Paddy or Swamp Rice (FAO - INADES, 1977, 40 p.)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTRemoving seedlings
VIEW THE DOCUMENTSorting out seedlings
VIEW THE DOCUMENTPreparing seedlings
VIEW THE DOCUMENTHow to transplant

Better Farming Series 21- Wet Paddy or Swamp Rice (FAO - INADES, 1977, 40 p.)


Removing seedlings

24. Take the seedlings out of the nursery 30 days after sowing.

Do not leave the seedlings in the nursery more than 30 days.

If you wait too long, the seedlings will grow less well later.

But, if you do not wait long enough and the seedlings are too young, you will spoil them when you take them out.

Take out the seedlings when they have 4 or 5 leaves.

To get your seedlings out without damaging them, water the nursery beforehand.

When the soil is very damp, seedlings come out more easily.

Sorting out seedlings

25. It is very important to sort out seedlings before transplanting them.

Throw away any seedlings broken at the crown, seedlings that have no root, and seedlings that are too small.

If you sort out your seedlings well, all those you transplant will grow, and they will grow better.

When you have sorted out your seedlings, tie them together in small bundles. Like this you can transport them more easily.

Preparing seedlings

Next, prepare the seedlings by cutting off the tips of the leaves.

Like this the leaves will stay straight and will not touch the ground.

The transplanted seedlings will grow better.

Do not wait longer than 2 or 3 days between taking out the seedlings and transplanting them.

The transplanted seedlings will grow better

How to transplant

26. Transplanting la done In the mud.

To make the seedlings grow well, they must be transplanted into very wet soil. The soil is right for transplanting when the mud comes up to your calf when you walk in the field.

How to transplant

27. Plant the seedlings In straight rows.

With traditional methods, the seedlings are planted in a haphazard way. This is not a good method: it makes it more difficult to weed and to apply fertilizers.

When you plant the seedlings in rows:

· You get a better density.

· The seedlings are all at the same distance from each other.

· They tiller out better.

· It is easier to apply fertilizer, to weed and to hoe.

Mark out the rows with a string tied to two pegs. Or you can use a marker.

You can use a marker


28. Plant In rows and aced holes.

Leave 20 centimetres between rows and, in each row, 20 centimetres between each seed hole.

Put 2 seedlings in each seed hole.

But, if you have left the seedlings longer than 30 days in the nursery, put 4 or 5 seedlings in each seed hole.

Take the roots between your fingers and push your fingers 2 or 3 centimetres into the soil so that the roots will be at the right depth in the earth.

29. Replacing seedlings that have not grown.

If you see seedlings that have not grown 6 to 10 days after transplanting, replace them.

Take some seedlings out of the nursery and plant them in the field in the place of those that have not grown.

Do not wait too long before you do this work.

Right way to hold the seedling when transplanting