Till the soil of the plot or the checks two months before transplanting. Weeds will grow: remove them. When tilling, mix manure into the soil. Well- tilled soil retains water better. Till to an average depth of 15 centimetres.
22. Levelling the soil In the checks. To level means to make the soil quite flat.
How is this done? Flood the soil with only a little water. Like that you can see better where there are humps, that is, places where there is little water, and where the water is too deep.
Remove the humps and put the earth into the hollows. When you have done this, go over the ground with a levelling board, to make sure the soil is quite flat everywhere in the rice field.
A levelling board
23. Why level the soil?
· To get the same depth of water everywhere
· To drain the soil well To drain means to take away all the water.
It is important to be able to drain the soil well. If the soil is not level, water will remain in the hollows. If you have levelled the soil well, the water will cover all the soil and weeds cannot grow.
There is the same depth of water everywhere
The rice field is not level