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CLOSE THIS BOOKFood from Dryland Gardens - An Ecological, Nutritional, and Social Approach to Small Scale Household Food Production (CPFE, 1991)
VIEW THE DOCUMENT(introduction...)
VIEW THE DOCUMENTPreface
VIEW THE DOCUMENTLet us hear from you
VIEW THE DOCUMENTThanks
How to use this book
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1. Introduction
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT1.1 Some definitions
VIEW THE DOCUMENT1.2 The purpose of this book
VIEW THE DOCUMENT1.3 The organization of this book
Part I - Gardens as a development strategy
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2. Gardens and nutrition in drylands
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT2.1 Summary
VIEW THE DOCUMENT2.2 Recommended dietary allowances and the nutrient content of foods
2.3 Special nutritional needs in drylands
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT2.3.1 Children’s Special Needs
VIEW THE DOCUMENT2.3.2 Women’s Special Needs
VIEW THE DOCUMENT2.3.3 Work
VIEW THE DOCUMENT2.3.4 Illness
VIEW THE DOCUMENT2.4 Energy
VIEW THE DOCUMENT2.5 Protein
2.6 Vitamins
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT2.6.1 Vitamin A
VIEW THE DOCUMENT2.6.2 Vitamin D
VIEW THE DOCUMENT2.6.3 Vitamin C
VIEW THE DOCUMENT2.6.4 Folacin
VIEW THE DOCUMENT2.6.5 Thiamin (B1)
VIEW THE DOCUMENT2.6.6 Riboflavin (B2)
VIEW THE DOCUMENT2.6.7 Niacin
2.7 Minerals
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT2.7.1 Iron (Fe)
VIEW THE DOCUMENT2.7.2 Zinc (Zn)
VIEW THE DOCUMENT2.7.3 Calcium (Ca)
VIEW THE DOCUMENT2.8 Fats
VIEW THE DOCUMENT2.9 Fiber
VIEW THE DOCUMENT2.10 Anti-Nutritients
2.11 The effects of gardens on nutrition
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT2.11.1 Nutrient Yields from Gardens
VIEW THE DOCUMENT2.11.2 Effects on Nutrition
VIEW THE DOCUMENT2.12 Resources
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3. Gardens, economics, and marketing
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT3.1 Summary
3.2 People, households, and economics
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT3.2.1 Production Efficiency
VIEW THE DOCUMENT3.2.2 Economic Rationality and Risk
VIEW THE DOCUMENT3.2.3 Control of Resources: Individual or the Group?
VIEW THE DOCUMENT3.2.4 Economic Development and Well-Being
3.3 Garden economics
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT3.3.1 Garden Yields
VIEW THE DOCUMENT3.3.2 Income and Savings from Gardens
VIEW THE DOCUMENT3.3.3 Household Well-Being
3.4 Marketing garden produce
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT3.4.1 Women and Marketing
VIEW THE DOCUMENT3.4.2 Risk, Investment, and Return
VIEW THE DOCUMENT3.4.3 Cooperation
VIEW THE DOCUMENT3.4.4 Garden Income and the Household
VIEW THE DOCUMENT3.5 Resources
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4. Assessment techniques
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT4.1 Summary
VIEW THE DOCUMENT4.2 Assessment, monitoring, and evaluation
4.3 From whose point of view?
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT4.3.1 Assessment and Collaboration
VIEW THE DOCUMENT4.3.2 Representativeness
VIEW THE DOCUMENT4.3.3 Insiders and Outsiders
VIEW THE DOCUMENT4.3.4 Participant Observation
VIEW THE DOCUMENT4.3.5 Gardens for Whom?
VIEW THE DOCUMENT4.4 What do existing gardens tell us?
4.5 Interviews
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT4.5.1 Composing Questions
VIEW THE DOCUMENT4.5.2 Translating and Back-Translating
VIEW THE DOCUMENT4.5.3 Choosing a Sample
VIEW THE DOCUMENT4.5.4 Pretesting
VIEW THE DOCUMENT4.5.5 Conducting the Interview
VIEW THE DOCUMENT4.5.6 Coding, Checking, and Analyzing
VIEW THE DOCUMENT4.6 Seasonality
VIEW THE DOCUMENT4.7 Food distribution and consumption
VIEW THE DOCUMENT4.8 Maps
VIEW THE DOCUMENT4.9 Long-term trends
VIEW THE DOCUMENT4.10 Outside sources
VIEW THE DOCUMENT4.11 Resources
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Part II - Garden management
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5. How plants live and grow
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT5.1 Summary
5.2 The vascular system in plants
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT5.2.1 Roots
VIEW THE DOCUMENT5.3 Photosynthesis
VIEW THE DOCUMENT5.4 Transpiration
VIEW THE DOCUMENT5.5 Coping with heat and drought
VIEW THE DOCUMENT5.6 Salt tolerance
5.7 Seasonal constraints to plant growth
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT5.7.1 Daylength Requirements
VIEW THE DOCUMENT5.7.2 Temperature Requirements
VIEW THE DOCUMENT5.8 Resources
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6. Growing plants from seeds
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT6.1 Summary
6.2 Sexual reproduction in plants
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT6.2.1 Life Cycles
VIEW THE DOCUMENT6.2.2 Flowering
VIEW THE DOCUMENT6.2.3 Pollination
VIEW THE DOCUMENT6.2.4 Fertilization
VIEW THE DOCUMENT6.3 Seed germination and dormancy
6.4 Suggestions for planting seeds under dryland conditions
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT6.4.1 Preparing the Seeds
VIEW THE DOCUMENT6.4.2 Preparing the Planting Site
VIEW THE DOCUMENT6.4.3 Planting the Seeds
VIEW THE DOCUMENT6.4.4 Planting Density
VIEW THE DOCUMENT6.4.5 Covering the Seeds
6.5 Caring for newly planted seeds and young seedlings
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT6.5.1 Watering
VIEW THE DOCUMENT6.5.2 Mulching and Shading
6.6 Diagnosing seed planting problems
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT6.6.1 Testing Seed Germination
VIEW THE DOCUMENT6.7 Thinning
VIEW THE DOCUMENT6.8 Resources
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7. Vegetative propagation
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT7.1 Summary
7.2 Cuttings
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT7.2.1 Trees
VIEW THE DOCUMENT7.2.2 Perennial Herbs
VIEW THE DOCUMENT7.2.3 Cassava.
VIEW THE DOCUMENT7.2.4 Sweet Potatoes
VIEW THE DOCUMENT7.3 Tubers, tuberous roots, and bulbs
VIEW THE DOCUMENT7.4 Offsets
VIEW THE DOCUMENT7.5 Suckers
7.6 Grafting
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT7.6.1 Compatibility for Grafting
VIEW THE DOCUMENT7.6.2 Effects of Stock and Scion on the Grafted Tree
VIEW THE DOCUMENT7.6.3 Approach or Attached Scion
VIEW THE DOCUMENT7.6.4 Budding
VIEW THE DOCUMENT7.6.5 Apical Grafting
VIEW THE DOCUMENT7.6.6 Topworking
7.7 Layering
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT7.7.1 Simple Layering
VIEW THE DOCUMENT7.7.2 Air Layering
VIEW THE DOCUMENT7.8 Resources
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8. Plant management
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT8.1 Summary
8.2 Nursery beds and container planting
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT8.2.1 Nursery Beds
VIEW THE DOCUMENT8.2.2 Container Planting
VIEW THE DOCUMENT8.2.3 When Direct Planting is Better
VIEW THE DOCUMENT8.3 Planting sites and the sun
8.4 Transplanting
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT8.4.1 Timing
VIEW THE DOCUMENT8.4.2 The Site
VIEW THE DOCUMENT8.4.3 Water
VIEW THE DOCUMENT8.4.4 The Transplant
8.5 Plant interactions
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT8.5.1 Mixed Planting
VIEW THE DOCUMENT8.5.2 Allelopathic Plants
VIEW THE DOCUMENT8.5.3 Crop Rotation
8.6 Weed management
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT8.6.1 Resource Use
VIEW THE DOCUMENT8.6.2 Effects on Pest Populations
VIEW THE DOCUMENT8.6.3 Timing
VIEW THE DOCUMENT8.6.4 Methods of Weed Control
8.7 Pruning
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT8.7.1 Reasons to Prune
VIEW THE DOCUMENT8.7.2 Guidelines for Pruning Trees
VIEW THE DOCUMENT8.8 Trellising
VIEW THE DOCUMENT8.9 Resources
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9. Soils in the garden
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT9.1 Summary
9.2 Soil and land-use classification
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT9.2.1 Indigenous Classification Systems
VIEW THE DOCUMENT9.2.2 The USDA Classification of Soils in Drylands
9.3 Physical properties of soils
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT9.3.1 Soil Texture and Structure
VIEW THE DOCUMENT9.3.2 Soil Porosity and Permeability
VIEW THE DOCUMENT9.3.3 Soil Color
VIEW THE DOCUMENT9.3.4 Soil Temperature
VIEW THE DOCUMENT9.4 Soil profile and depth
9.5 Soils and plant nutrients
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT9.5.1 Soil pH and Plant Nutrition
VIEW THE DOCUMENT9.5.2 Nitrogen
VIEW THE DOCUMENT9.5.3 Phosphorus and Potassium
VIEW THE DOCUMENT9.5.4 Other Nutrients
9.6 Organic matter
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT9.6.1 Animal Manures
VIEW THE DOCUMENT9.6.2 Composting
9.7 Preventing soil erosion
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT9.7.1 Decreasing Runoff
VIEW THE DOCUMENT9.7.2 Decreasing Raindrop Impact
VIEW THE DOCUMENT9.7.3 Increasing Soil Resistance to Erosion
VIEW THE DOCUMENT9.7.4 Reducing Wind Erosion
9.8 Building garden beds
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT9.8.1 Sunken Beds
VIEW THE DOCUMENT9.8.2 Raised Beds
VIEW THE DOCUMENT9.9 Resources
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10. Water, soils, and plants
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT10.1 Summary
VIEW THE DOCUMENT10.2 Dryland garden water management
10.3 Water, soils, and plants
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT10.3.1 Water Storage in the Soil
VIEW THE DOCUMENT10.3.2 Water Movement in the Soil
VIEW THE DOCUMENT10.3.3 Evaporation
VIEW THE DOCUMENT10.3.4 Water Uptake and Transport by Plants
VIEW THE DOCUMENT10.4 Soil water and garden yield
VIEW THE DOCUMENT10.5 How much water?
VIEW THE DOCUMENT10.6 Measuring water applied to the garden
VIEW THE DOCUMENT10.7 When to water
10.8 Mulches, shades, and windbreaks
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT10.8.1 Surface Mulches
VIEW THE DOCUMENT10.8.2 Vertical Mulches
VIEW THE DOCUMENT10.8.3 Windbreaks, Shades, and Cropping Patterns
VIEW THE DOCUMENT10.9 Resources
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11. Sources of water for the garden
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT11.1 Summary
VIEW THE DOCUMENT11.2 Water quality for plants
VIEW THE DOCUMENT11.3 Water quality for people
11.4 Rain
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT11.4.1 Rainfall Records
VIEW THE DOCUMENT11.4.2 Measuring Rainfall
11.5 Harvesting rainwater for dryland gardens
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT11.5.1 Patterns of Water Harvesting
VIEW THE DOCUMENT11.5.2 Building on Local Knowledge
VIEW THE DOCUMENT11.5.3 Catchments and Runoff
VIEW THE DOCUMENT11.5.4 Estimating the Catchment to Garden Area Ratio
11.6 Harvesting stream flow and floodwater
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT11.6.1 Water Spreading
VIEW THE DOCUMENT11.6.2 Flood Recession Gardening
11.7 Groundwater and wells
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT11.7.1 Groundwater
VIEW THE DOCUMENT11.7.2 Locating a Well
VIEW THE DOCUMENT11.7.3 Hand-Dug Wells
VIEW THE DOCUMENT11.7.4 Small-Diameter Wells
VIEW THE DOCUMENT11.8 Water storage
VIEW THE DOCUMENT11.9 Resources
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12. Irrigation and water-lifting
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT12.1 Summary
VIEW THE DOCUMENT12.2 Irrigation efficiency
12.3 Surface irrigation
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT12.3.1 Transporting Water to the Garden
VIEW THE DOCUMENT12.3.2 Basin Irrigation
VIEW THE DOCUMENT12.3.3 Furrow Irrigation
VIEW THE DOCUMENT12.3.4 Trickle Irrigation
12.4 Root zone irrigation
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT12.4.1 Pitcher Irrigation
VIEW THE DOCUMENT12.4.2 Water Table Irrigation
VIEW THE DOCUMENT12.5 Sprinkler irrigation
12.6 Irrigation problems
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT12.6.1 Waterlogging
VIEW THE DOCUMENT12.6.2 Salinity
12.7 Water-lifting
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT12.7.1 Lifting with Human and Animal Power
VIEW THE DOCUMENT12.7.2 Lifting with Other Power Sources
VIEW THE DOCUMENT12.8 Resources
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13. Pest and disease management
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT13.1 Summary
13.2 An ecological approach
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT13.2.1 Pest and Disease Management by the Crop Plant
VIEW THE DOCUMENT13.2.2 Environmental and Mechanical Management of Pests and Diseases
VIEW THE DOCUMENT13.2.3 Pest and Disease Management Using Other Organisms
VIEW THE DOCUMENT13.2.4 Pest and Disease Management with Chemicals
13.3 Examples of pest and disease management
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT13.3.1 Insects
VIEW THE DOCUMENT13.3.2 Nematodes
VIEW THE DOCUMENT13.3.3 Large Animals as Pests
VIEW THE DOCUMENT13.3.4 Diseases
13.4 Diagnosing pest and disease problems
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT13.4.1 Wilts (Table 13.1 and Figure 13.26)
VIEW THE DOCUMENT13.4.2 Leaf Problems (Table 13.2 and Figure 13.27)
VIEW THE DOCUMENT13.4.3 Abnormal Growth (Table 13.3 and Figure 13.28)
VIEW THE DOCUMENT13.4.4 Fruit Problems (Table 13.4 and Figure 13.29)
VIEW THE DOCUMENT13.5 Resources
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Part III - Garden harvest
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14. Saving seeds for planting
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT14.1 Summary
14.2 Seeds, gardens, and diversity
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT14.2.1 Diversity in the Seed
VIEW THE DOCUMENT14.2.2 Diversity in the Garden
VIEW THE DOCUMENT14.2.3 Conserving and Using Genetic Diversity: How and for Whom?
14.3 Seed saving
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT14.3.1 Seed Harvest and Processing
VIEW THE DOCUMENT14.3.2 Seed Drying
14.4 Saving seed from trees
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT14.4.1 Cold Stratification
14.5 Seed storage
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT14.5.1 Moisture and Temperature
VIEW THE DOCUMENT14.5.2 Pest Control
VIEW THE DOCUMENT14.6 Resources
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15. Processing, storing, and marketing food from the garden
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT15.1 Summary
VIEW THE DOCUMENT15.2 Harvesting garden foods
15.3 Cooking and using garden foods
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT15.3.1 Fresh Foods
VIEW THE DOCUMENT15.3.2 Dried Foods
15.4 Food drying
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT15.4.1 Materials for Drying
VIEW THE DOCUMENT15.4.2 Preventing Contamination
VIEW THE DOCUMENT15.4.3 Selecting and Preparing Produce for Drying
15.5 Sprouting and malting
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT15.5.1 Sprouting
VIEW THE DOCUMENT15.5.2 Malting
15.6 Fermentation
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT15.6.1 Pickling
15.7 Storing garden foods
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT15.7.1 Preharvest Storage
VIEW THE DOCUMENT15.7.2 Postharvest Storage of Fresh Produce
VIEW THE DOCUMENT15.7.3 Storing Dried Produce
VIEW THE DOCUMENT15.7.4 Storing Other Processed Garden Foods
15.8 Marketing garden produce
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT15.8.1 Harvesting for Market
VIEW THE DOCUMENT15.5.2 Transport from Garden to Market
VIEW THE DOCUMENT15.8.3 Protecting Produce Quality at the Market
VIEW THE DOCUMENT15.9 Resources
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16. Weaning foods from the garden
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT16.1 Summary
VIEW THE DOCUMENT16.2 The role of weaning foods
16.3 Nutrient density
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT16.3.1 Energy
VIEW THE DOCUMENT16.3.2 Protein
VIEW THE DOCUMENT16.3.3 Vitamins and Minerals
VIEW THE DOCUMENT16.3.4 Weaning Food Consistency
VIEW THE DOCUMENT16.4 Hygiene
VIEW THE DOCUMENT16.5 Weaning as a part of daily life
VIEW THE DOCUMENT16.6 Resources
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17. Glossary
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT17.1 Abbreviations used in measurements
VIEW THE DOCUMENT17.2 Equivalencies in units of measurement
VIEW THE DOCUMENT17.3 Atomic symbols and molecular formulas
VIEW THE DOCUMENT17.4 Other abbreviations and acronyms
18. Some crops for dryland gardens
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VIEW THE DOCUMENT18.1 Common English and scientific names for some crops and crop groups
VIEW THE DOCUMENT18.2 Important dryland garden plant families
VIEW THE DOCUMENT19. Resource organizations
VIEW THE DOCUMENT20. References
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